Research Outputs

Our work is funded by UKRI grant reference number EP/S023437/1.

ART-AI’s mission is to help society benefit from better AI through two central pathways to impact:

1. Spreading awareness of issues and solutions through engagement with stakeholders and broader society.

2. Training graduates to be “specialists with perspectives”, with expert knowledge in their primary discipline coupled with knowledge of the broader issues arising from the use of AI.

Economic and Societal Impact

Our partners benefit from inclusion in our boards, workshops and seminars. Student placements offer an exchange of ideas and expertise, so their research has direct and immediate impact in industry, policy and society.

Impact on Policy and Standards

Through ART-AI’s advisors, partners and staff, we are connected to the British Computer Society, IEEE Standards Association, International Standards Organization (ISO) and European Commission High-Level Expert Group on Artificial Intelligence, providing for multi-directional flows of ideas and influence.

Academic Impact

Academic exchange visits and open workshops enable the flow and dissemination of ideas globally. We deliver conventional academic impact via conference attendance and publications.

Impact through Public Engagement

We need to explain the potential risks and benefits of AI to the public. Students receive bespoke training in public engagement and we use social media and lay articles to present our work to a wider audience and highlight our achievements.


Anca Salagean, Michelle Wu, George Fletcher, Darren Cosker, Danaë Stanton Fraser (2024) The Utilitarian Virtual Self – Using Embodied Personalized Avatars to Investigate Moral Decision-Making in Semi-Autonomous Vehicle Dilemmas. IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics.

Mafalda Ribeiro, Felipe R. Andreis, Leen Jabban, Thomas G. N. dS. Nielsen, Sergey V. Smirnov, Christof Lutteroth, Michael J. Proulx, Paulo R.F. Rocha, Benjamin Metcalfe (2024) Ex-vivo systems for neuromodulation: A comparison of ex-vivo and in-vivo large animal nerve electrophysiology. Journal of Neuroscience Methods 406: 110116.

Elena Safrygina, Christopher Applebee, Alan McIntyre, Julian Padget, Banafshé Larijani (2024) Spatial functional mapping of hypoxia inducible factor heterodimerisation and immune checkpoint regulators in clear cell renal cell carcinoma. BJC Reports 2: 10.

Mafalda Ribeiro, Ryan Koh, Tom Donnelly, Christof Lutteroth, Michael Proulx, Paulo Rocha, Benjamin Metcalfe (2023) Denoising and decoding spontaneous vagus nerve recordings with machine learning. Proceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS.

Pablo Medina, Özgür Şimşek (2023) The Temporal Persistence of Generative Language Models in Sentiment Analysis. Working Notes of the Conference and Labs of the Evaluation Forum (CLEF 2023), Thessaloniki, Greece, September 18th to 21st, 2023. CEUR Workshop Proceedings 3497: 2458–2468.

Jack E. Saunders, Sajad Saeedi, Wenbin Li (2023) Autonomous aerial robotics for package delivery: A technical review. Journal of Field Robotics.

John Francis, Jonathan Bright, Saba Esnaashari, Youmna Hashem, Deborah Morgan, Vincent J. Straub (2023) Unsupervised feature extraction of aerial images for clustering and understanding hazardous road segments. Scientific Reports 1310922.

Alexandra A. de Sousa, Brier A. Rigby Dames, Emily C. Graff, Rania Mohamedelhassan, Tatianna Vassilopoulos, Christine J. Charvet (2023) Going beyond established model systems of Alzheimer’s disease: companion animals provide novel insights into the neurobiology of aging. Communications Biology 6655.

Vincent J. Straub, Deborah Morgan, Youmna Hashem, John Francis, Saba Esnaashari, Jonathan Bright (2023) A Multidomain Relational Framework to Guide Institutional AI Research and Adoption. CEUR Workshop Proceedings 3442: 32.

Benedict A. Rogers, Max D. A. Valentine, Alexander J. G. Lunt, Elise C. Pegg, Vimal Dhokia (2023) Optimization and experimental validation of 3D near-isotropic auxetic structures. Materials & Design 229: 111844.

Catriona Gray (2023) Testimonial Injustice in Governmental AI Systems. KI-Realitäten: Modelle, Praktiken und Topologien maschinellen Lernens: 67–92.

Catriona Gray (2023) More than Extraction: Rethinking Data’s Colonial Political Economy. International Political Sociology 17 (2): olad007.

Charles Radclyffe, Mafalda Ribeiro, Robert H. Wortham (2023) The Assessment List for Trustworthy Artificial Intelligence (ALTAI): A review and recommendations. Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence 6: 1020592.

Brier Rigby Dames, Huseyin Kilili, Christine J. Charvet, Karina Díaz-Barba, Michael J. Proulx, Alexandra A. de Sousa, Araxi O. Urrutia (2023) Evolutionary and genomic perspectives of brain aging and neurodegenerative diseases. Progress in Brain Research 275: 165–215.

Christof Lutteroth, Crescent Jicol, Christopher Clarke, Michael J. Proulx, Eamonn O’Neill, Karin Petrini, Isabel Sophie Fitton, Emilia Tor, Jinha Yoon (2023) REVEAL: REal and Virtual Environments Augmentation Lab @ Bath. CHI 2023 – Extended Abstracts of the 2023 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. 470, p. 1–4.

Benedict A. Rogers, Max D. A. Valentine, Elise C. Pegg, Alexander J. G. Lunt, Vimal Dhokia (2022) Additive Manufacturing of Star Structured Auxetic Lattices With Overhanging Links. Proceedings of 2022 International Additive Manufacturing Conference IAM2022-93965: V001T01A006.

R. Giles Harrison, Keri A. Nicoll, Graeme J. Marlton, Douglas J. Tilley, Pejman Iravani (2022) Ionic Charge Emission Into Fog From a Remotely Piloted Aircraft. Geophysical Research Letters 49 (19): e2022GL099827.

Oscar Bryan, Roy Edgar Hansen, Tom S. F. Haines, Narada Warakagoda, Alan Hunter (2022) Challenges of Labelling Unknown Seabed Munition Dumpsites From Acoustic and Optical Surveys: A Case Study at Skagerrak. Remote Sensing 14 (11): 2619.

Sebastian Francis Green, Tory Frame, Luke Vikram Banerjee, Amy Gimson, Jonathan Blackman, Hamish Morrison, Katie Lloyd, Sarah Rudd, William George Frederick Fotherby, Ullrich Bartsch, Shaun Purcell, Matt Jones, Liz Coulthard (2022) A systematic review of the validity of non-invasive sleep-measuring devices in mid-to-late life adults: Future utility for Alzheimer’s disease research. Sleep Medicine Reviews 65: 101665.

Oscar Bryan, Alan J. Hunter, Tom S. F. Haines, Roy Edgar Hansen, Narada Warakagoda (2022) Automatic recognition of underwater munitions from multi-view sonar surveys using semi supervised machine learning: a simulation study. Proceedings of Meetings on Acoustics 47 (1): 070018.

Edward Clark, Alan J. Hunter, Olga Isupova, Marcus Donnelly (2022) Exploring the use of AI in marine acoustic sensor management. Proceedings of Meetings on Acoustics 47: 070008.

Anh Duc Do Tran, Dien Dinh, An-Vinh Luong, Thao Do (2022) Adapting Cross-lingual Model To Improve Vietnamese Dependency Parsing. Artificial Intelligence in Data and Big Data Processing: Proceedings of ICABDE 2021: 97–108.

Thao Do, Mina Chiang, Eric Kasper, Sharlene Chen (2022) Impact of Vietnam’s Covid-19 Response on Vulnerable Groups. Institute of Development Studies Policy Briefing 191.

Xiaolong Wu, Guangye Li, Shize Jiang, Scott Wellington, Shengjie Liu, Zehan Wu, Benjamin Metcalfe, Liang Chen, and Dingguo Zhang (2022) Decoding Continuous Kinetic Information of Grasp from Stereo-electroencephalographic (SEEG) Recordings. Journal of Neural Engineering 19 (2): 026047.

Toby Lewis-Atwell, Piers A. Townsend, and Matthew N. Grayson (2022) Comparing the Performances of Force Fields in Conformational Searching of Hydrogen-Bond-Donating Catalysts. Journal of Organic Chemistry 87 (9): 5703–5712.

Leen Jabban, Mafalda Ribeiro, Felipe Rettore Andreis, Thomas Gomes Nørgaard dos Santos Nielsen, Benjamin Metcalfe (2022) Pig Ulnar Nerve Recording with Sinusoidal and Temporal Interference Stimulation. Paper presented at 44th annual international conference of the IEEE in Medicine and Biology Conference.

Mafalda Ribeiro, Leen Jabban, Felipe Rettore Andreis, Thomas Gomes Nørgaard dos Santos Nielsen, Paulo Rocha, Benjamin Metcalfe (2022) An in-vitro system for closed loop neuromodulation of peripheral nerves. Paper presented at 44th annual international conference of the IEEE in Medicine and Biology Conference.

Mafalda Ribeiro, Kamil Wozniak, Felipe Rettore Andreis, Thomas Gomes Nørgaard dos Santos Nielsen, Benjamin Metcalfe (2022) Adaptation of the Two-CAP method for conduction velocity distribution estimation in multi-channel recordings. Paper presented at 44th annual international conference of the IEEE in Medicine and Biology Conference.

Crescent Jicol, Julia Feltham, Jinha Yoon, Michael Proulx, Eamonn O’Neill, Christof Lutteroth (2022) Designing and Assessing a Virtual Reality Simulation to Build Resilience to Street Harassment. CHI ’22: Proceedings of the 2022 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems 117, 1–14.

Crescent Jicol, Chun Hin Wan, Benjamin Doling, Caitlin H Illingworth, Jinha Yoon, Charlotte Headey, Christof Lutteroth, Michael Proulx, Karin Petrini, Eamonn O’Neill (2021) Effects of emotion and agency on presence in virtual reality.  529, 1–13.

Toby Lewis-Atwell, Piers A. Townsend, Matthew N. Grayson (2021) Machine learning activation energies of chemical reactions. WIREs Computational Molecular Science: e1593.

Donal Egan, George Fletcher, Yiguo Qiao, Darren Cosker, Rachel McDonnell (2021) How to train your dog: Neural enhancement of quadruped animations. Proceedings – MIG 2021: 14th ACM SIGGRAPH Conference on Motion, Interaction, and Games.

George Fletcher, Yiguo Qiao, Rebecca Fribourg, Jake Deane, Rachel McDonnell, Darren Cosker (2021) Exploring the Perception of Quadruped Motion Retargeting. 14th ACM SIGGRAPH Conference on Motion, Interaction and Games.

Catriona Gray (2021, May 5). Data Dispossession [Online]. The Sociological Review

Mafalda Ribeiro, Pamela Ali, Benjamin Metcalfe, Despina Moschou, and Paulo Rocha (2021) Microfluidics integration into low noise multi-electrode arrays. Micromachines 12 (6): 727.

Alice Parfett, Stuart Townley, and Kristofer Allerfeldt (2021) AI-based healthcare: a new dawn or apartheid revisited? AI & Society 36: 983–999.

R. Giles Harrison, Keri A. Nicoll, Douglas J. Tilley, Graeme J. Marlton, Stefan Chindea, Gavin P. Dingley, Pejman Iravani, David J. Cleaver, Jonathan L. Du Bois, David Brus (2021) Demonstration of a remotely piloted atmospheric measurement and charge release platform for geoengineering. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 38 (1): 63–75.

Chris E. Blenkinsopp, Paul M. Bayle, Daniel C. Conley, Gerd Masselink, Emily Gulson, Isabel Kelly, Rafael Almar, Ian L. Turner, Tom E. Baldock, Tomas Beuzen, Robert T. McCall, Huub Rijper, Ad Reniers, Peter Troch, David Gallach-Sanchez, Alan J. Hunter, Oscar Bryan, Gwyn Hennessey, Peter Ganderton, Marion Tissier, Matthias Kudella, and Stefan Schimmels (2021) High-resolution, large-scale laboratory measurements of a sandy beach and dynamic cobble berm revetment. Scientific Data 8 (1): 22.

Toby Lewis-Atwell, Piers A. Townsend, Matthew N. Grayson (2021) Comparisons of Different Force Fields in Conformational Analysis and Searching of Organic Molecules: A Review. Tetrahedron 79: 131865.

Oscar Bryan, Paul M. Bayle, Christopher E. Blenkinsopp, Alan J. Hunter (2020). Breaking Wave Imaging Using Lidar and Sonar. IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering 45 (3): 887–897.

Mafalda Ribeiro, Paulo Rocha, and Benjamin Metcalfe (2020) An ultra-sensitive biosensor to investigate Random Telegraph Noise in human breast cancer cells. The 1st International Electronic Conference on Biosensors: 2 Nov 2020 → 17 Nov 2020. Proceedings 2019 3: x.

Mafalda Ribeiro, Aya Elghajiji, Scott P. Fraser, Zoë D. Burke, David Tosh, Mustafa B. A. Djamgoz and Paulo R. F. Rocha (2020) Human Breast Cancer Cells Demonstrate Electrical Excitability. Frontiers in Neuroscience 14: 404.